About Sri Lanka & Kandy
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The tear-drop shaped island of Sri Lanka is located in the Asian continent, in the Indian Ocean. It is just below the southern tip of India, to the south west of the Bay of Bengal and to the south east of the Arabian Sea. It is separated from India by the Palk Strait, a 50 kilometre stretch of ocean. Sri Lanka lies 880 kilometres north of the equator, between 5°55' and 9°55' north latitudes and between 79°42' and 81°52' eastern longitudes.

Situated at an elevation of 500m above sea level, the historic city of Kandy is nestled among the misty hills in the central region of Sri Lanka. The shrine holding the Sacred Tooth Relic of the Lord Buddha (The Temple of the Tooth) is located in the centre of the city, making Kandy the most venerated city in Sri Lanka. Yearly, the Sacred Tooth Relic is honored with a ten-day procession including lavishly decorated elephants, drummers, dancers, acrobats and baton twirlers. Classified as a World Heritage City by UNESCO, many Sinhalese traditions are kept alive in the city’s distinctive music, dance and architecture. The Temple of the Tooth, Peradeniya Botanical Gardens and the Riverside Elephant Park are some of the remarkable sites of this city. Kandy is considered the cultural capital of Sri Lanka and has an abundance of history and nature to offer. It is only 115km away from Colombo and has many sites to enjoy.
History Sri lanka,Kandy
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Available historical records suggest that Senkadagalapura (an early name for Kandy) was established by the King Wickramabahu III during the period of his reign from 1357-1374 CE. Some scholars contend that the original name of Kandy was Katubulu Nuwara located near present Watapuluwa. The more popular historical name - Senkadagala - according to folklore, originated from one of the several possible sources. These include naming after an ascetic with the name Senkanda who lived in a cave near by, a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda, and after a coloured stone named Senkadagala. The present name Kandy is an anglicized version of Kanda Uda Rata (the country of mountains) originated in the colonial era.
Dalada Maligawa
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Dating back to the 16th century AD, the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is located in the heart of the Kandy town. One of the most spectacular sections of this temple is the patthirippuwa or the Octagon, which was added by the king of Kandy in the early 19th century, who also built the Kandy Lake. Rituals, accompanied by flute/trumpet playing and drumming, are enacted daily in the temple to venerate the relic. Public honour is paid to the Tooth Relic when the Esala Perahera or procession is held during the month of Esala in July/August each year. This extravagant event is a "must see" for any tourist and attracts thousands each year.
The Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya
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6 kilometers from Kandy on the Colombo/Kandy road were once the Pleasure Gardens of a Kandyan Queen. The Gardens, spanning 150 acres, are a paradise of tropical foliage. It is motorable, with seats, gazebos, pavilions and a restaurant at the entrance. Highlights of the Gardens include the Great Palm Avenue, the Orchid House, the Pergola, the Octagon House, the flower-beds of hibiscus, cannas, bougainvilleas and croton.
Rajamaha Temple of Rangiri Dambulla – The Golden Rock Temple
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The name Dambulla derives from Damba (rock) and Ulla (fountain). The continuous dripping of water from the fountain can be seen within the main image house. This Vihara was built by King Vattagamini Abhaya (43-17 BC). In addition to 4 main monasteries, the temples contain 153 Buddha images, 3 images of kings and 4 of gods and goddesses. It was within this complex that the monks began the militant nationalist movement against the British in 1848. It is considered an art gallery of unique beauty.
Labookellie Tea Centre
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Mackwoods Labookellie Tea Centre, situated approximately 1,500 meters above sea level in the heart of Labookellie Estate, one of the fine tea plantation in Sri Lanka, is today a popular stop in an international travellers itinerary providing an opportunity to experience Mackwoods Tea at its best in the salubrious hill country clime as well as providing an instructive glimpse of the manufacture of Ceylon Tea. The Labookellie Tea Centre has been a popular landmark amongst both locals and tourists enroute to Nuwara Eliya from Kandy for their requirements of garden fresh high quality "Labookellie Tea". This Tea Centre has been expanded and refurbished to give its many visitors and customers better service in a more comfortable setting.
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Sigiriya is also a world heritage site and is widely regarded as the “Eighth Wonder of the Ancient World”. It held the Palace of King Kassapa completed with moats, walls, terraces and water gardens. Most spectacular is the Mirror Wall. Today, only a protected pocket remains where murals and graffiti remain, unique in history. The comely damsels portrayed in the Sigiriya Frescoes manifest an almost vivifying vibrancy.
Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage
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The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage was started in 1975 by the Department of Wildlife on a twenty-five acre coconut property on the Maha Oya river at Rambukkana. The orphanage was primarily designed to afford care and protection to the many baby elephants found in the jungle without their mothers. Initially this orphanage was at the Wilpattu National Park, then shifted to the tourist complex at Bentota and then to the Dehiwala Zoo. From the Zoo it was shifted to Pinnawela. At the time it was shifted the orphanage had five baby elephants which formed its nucleus. It was hoped that this facility would attract both local and foreign visitors, the income from which would help to maintain the orphanage The orphanage is home to about 60 elephants, out of which many are baby elephants found, abandoned or orphaned in the wild. They are being cared, fed and trained by the wild life authorities. The best time to visit is during the feeding times, when one will have the opportunity of seeing the baby elephants being bottle-fed. Visitors could accompany the elephants to a river close-by and see them having their daily bath.

The Lankathilaka Rajamaha Temple
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This temple is situated at Handessa - a cruciform building that servers as an image house of The Buddha. The temple is full of exquisite painted scenes of the lives of 24 former Buddhas and there is a colossal seated image of the Buddha. It commands unfolding village scenery of charm and beauty.
Embekke Devale
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Established by King Vikramabahu in 1371 AD, the Embekke Devale is located at Welamboda. It is a superb example of architecture in wood. The wood art of this temple is astounding with dancers, swans, creepers, soldiers on horseback, floral emblems, double headed eagles and wrestlers providing magnificent viewing. Special treasures are the doorways of carved sandalwood and the palanquin used by King Rajasingha II.
Udawatte Kele Royal Sanctuary
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Kandy, with its historical, archeological and religious value, has protected Udawatte Kele Sanctuary even during the time when Kandy was the capital of the island. In fact, Kandy has been named “Senkadagala” in 1371, during the time of King Wickramabahu, because a Brahmin called “Senkada” had lived in a cave found in this forest. During the King's reign, the palace was built within the sanctuary, as it proved safety and natural beauty. During foreign invasions, the King used to go into hiding into this area. Situated to the north of Sri Dalada Temple, this forest is about 257 acres in area and has a large number of birds, animals and butterflies, belonging to various species.

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